The person who has issued the cheque is called as ‘drawer’ and the person in whose favour the cheque is issued is called as ‘drawee’. The steps involved in cheque bounce case is provided in the Negotiable Instrument Act, 1881:

  1. The cheque must have been presented to the drawee Bank within three months from the date on which it is drawn, or within the period of its validity, whichever is earlier.
  1. Within 30 days of receipt of information from the Bank about dishonour of the cheque, the payee should have made a written demand on the drawer for payment of the amount of money represented by the cheque. 
  1. The Drawer gets 15 days from the receipt of notice to make the payment to avoid liability.
  1. A written Complaint should be made to the Metropolitan or a first class judicial magistrate by the payee within 30 days from the date on the expiry of 15 days time given to the drawer to discharge his liability. A delay in filing the complaint after the lapse of 30 days may be excused by the magistrate only in exceptional circumstances.
  1. The Complaint in writing is to be made by the Payee or holder in due course of the cheque. [The Supreme Court in (1998) 1 SCC 687 held that when the Complainant is a body corporate, it is the de jure Complainant and it is necessary to associate a de facto (real person) Complainant to represent the former in Court proceedings and has to be examined as the Complainant.]. 
  1. The Hon’ble Court/Magistrate will take cognizance of the Complaint on the basis of the contents of the complaint and proceeds further to examine the Complainant. Thereafter the Hon’ble Court will issue Notice/Summons to the accused. 
  1. The Hon’ble Court will examine the Complainant and the Accused [Either party to lead evidence with original documents to prove their case]. Thereafter the Hon’ble Court on hearing the parties will pass final order/judgment.

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My old blog on the same topic “steps to be followed in cheque bounce matter” written in blogspot is here, click

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